What causes Dengue : symptoms & treatment for dengue disease.

Dengue virus itself cannot spread from one person to another, it is transmitted by a kind of female mosquitoes species named Aedes Aegypti, this mosquito usually attacked on any person in early morning or during day time.

This Aedes female mosquito transmit the dengue virus during the drawing blood from the people infected by the dengue virus, this virus carrying mosquito can go upto 400 meters area and lay their eggs on water filled or water lodged places or containers like water tanks, coolers, tires, open containers and small ponds.

Dengue fever happens for the most part in tropical districts around the world, particularly in Southeast Asia, Africa and tropical spaces of the Pacific Ocean, and North, Central, and South America. As of late, it has happened in the United States and portions of Australia. Up to half of the total populace might be in danger of contracting dengue fever.

Common Symptoms

Common Symptoms of Dengue

Dengue indications frequently go unrecognized on the grounds that they mirror those of seasonal influenza. Individuals with gentle manifestations of dengue are known to mistake it for different sicknesses that cause fever and joint agony. This is the reason pay special mind to the underneath in the event that you speculate dengue:

High Fever (40°C/104°F ) joined by something like two of the accompanying symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Shivering or feeling cold
  • Pain behind eyes
  • Nausea, vomiting, Fatigue
  • Swollen glands
  • Joint, bone or muscle pains
  • Rashes
  • Weakness

Dengue fever can bring about a drop in your white blood cells and platelet counts. The normal platelet include in the body goes from 1.5 to 4 lacs, this can go down to as low as 20,000 to 40,000 on account of dengue patients. This happens in light of the fact that:

Dengue can harm your bone marrow, where the platelets are being produced.

The dengue infection can influence your cells of the body and damage your platelets very fast.

Dengue can create antibodies that destroys the platelets in the body

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Life cycle of the Dengue disease

Dengue in its mildest structures can generally vanish following seven days. At times, the infection might advance into a more extreme structure and the manifestations begin to foster 3-7 days after the primary indications of sickness.
Despite the fact that fever might die down, this doesn’t show that the individual is recuperating. All things considered, pay special mind to the underneath notice signs:

Serious stomach pain

Relentless vomiting

Bleeding of gums

Vomit of blood

Fast breathing

Weakness, anxiety & restlessness

If an individual is experiencing serious dengue, they ought to be taken to the ER right away.

How to diagnose Dengue Disease

Dengue indications are frequently mistaken for manifestations of infections like jungle fever, typhoid or leptospirosis. While there is no antibody or explicit medicine for dengue fever, specialists can determine dengue to have a normal blood test and other lab tests in confounded cases. Your doctor will likewise pose insightful inquiries about any your recent trips to places that are dengue infected areas to narrow their diagnosis.

To diagnose dengue fever, doctors use specific blood tests that identify dengue virus antibodies in the blood. These antibodies only appear when your body is exposed to one of the four dengue viruses.

Treatment & Cure for Dengue Disease

There is no treatment for dengue fever. On the off chance that your PCP thinks you have a gentle instance of dengue fever, the person in question will suggest that you rest, take pain killers like acetaminophen (don’t take ibuprofen) and drink a ton of liquids. In the event that you have more genuine manifestations, like spewing or solid torment in the midsection, you should look for clinical consideration.

On the off chance that you live in or travel to a space that has dengue fever, keep away from mosquito nibbles by doing the accompanying:

Use mosquito anti-agents that contain 20-30% DEET.

Wear long attire outside, particularly around evening time when mosquitos are bound to be dynamic.

Eliminate standing water (cans or barrels, water basins, old tires that might hold downpour water) and fill low where water can pool.

Prevention of Dengue

No vaccine can secure against dengue fever. Just staying away from mosquito chomps can prevent it.

Any individual who lives in or goes to an in danger region can utilize various ways of trying not to be chomped.

Apparel: Reduce the measure of skin uncovered by wearing long jeans, long-sleeved shirts, and socks, tucking trouser legs into shoes or socks, and wearing a cap.

Mosquito anti-agents: Use an anti-agents with something like 10% convergence of diethyltoluamide (DEET), or a higher focus for longer lengths of openness. Try not to utilize DEET on little youngsters.

Mosquito traps and nets: Nets treated with bug spray are more powerful, if not the mosquito can chomp through the net if the individual is remaining close to it. The bug spray will kill mosquitoes and different bugs, and it will repulse bugs from going into the room.

Entryway and window screens: Structural obstructions, like screens or mesh, can keep mosquitos out.

Keep away from fragrances: Heavily scented cleansers and aromas might draw in mosquitos.

Setting up camp stuff: Treat garments, shoes, and setting up camp stuff with permethrin, or buy garments that have been pretreated.

Timing: Try to try not to be outside at first light, sunset, and early evening.

Stale water: The Aedes mosquito breeds in perfect, stale water. Checking for and eliminating stale water can assist with decreasing the danger.

To decrease the danger of mosquitoes reproducing in stale water:

turn pails and watering jars over and store them under cover so that water can’t gather

eliminate overabundance water from plant pot plates

clean holders to eliminate mosquito eggs

relax soil from pruned plants, to forestall puddles shaping on a superficial level

ensure scupper channels are not hindered and don’t put pruned plants and different articles over them

utilize non-punctured crevasse traps, introduce against mosquito valves, and cover any snares that are infrequently utilized

try not to put containers under a cooling unit

change the water in bloom jars each subsequent day and clean and flush within the jar

keep leaves from impeding whatever might bring about the gathering of puddles or stale water

When setting up camp or picnicking, pick a region that is away from still water.

What if the Dengue patient needs platelets

In one day, the blood platelet count dropped steeply, from 2.4 lakh to 56,000, suggestive of dengue.

Specialists kept a nearby watch on the patient and prepared for a platelet bonding if the platelet count plunged any further. The arrangement was to perform platelet bonding provided that the count were to go under 30,000. Fortunately for him, the platelet count never went under 56,000.

What is a platelets in our body?

This is one of the parts of blood that aides in thickening and coagulation of blood. After a physical issue, draining stops after some time on account of the blood thickening. In this entire system, platelets assume a significant part.